Empire State Bed and Breakfast Association, New York Lodging and Accommodations.

ESBBA Blog Postings - Focused for the traveler - Tidbits from New York State Innkeepers

Women in NY State History ...Indian Culture

"There was a right, custom, practice or privilege the women of the League possessed, which was that of voting, for at one of the last councils held between the Indians and the Whites - we believe the one at Bath, N. Y. - after several meetings, and much discussion, they were unable to agree and the Indians had quitted the council and were about to depart for their several homes. The women assembled in council and voted that their husbands should resume their council with the Whites and accept the proposition as submitted to them, which was complied with. This came very near being woman suffrage." (History Of Waverly, N. Y. And Vicinity by Capt. Charles L. Albertson, Waverly Sun Waverly 1943, p. 9, Chapter V. League Of The Iroquois)

Leaf Peeping ... Autumn Colors ... Fall foliage of New York State

The natural beauty of the trees in their Autumn foliage is captivating. Leaf Peeping / Leafing, the act of photographing and or viewing the Autumn foliage of the trees, a fitting term.

With a great variety of broad-leaved trees, New York fills up with a wonderful range of colors each year. New York almost has as many acres of trees as the rest of the Northeast combined. The change of color from bright green to the many different hues of fall happens in a predictable patter across the whole state. The change happens high in the Adirondack and Catskill mountains in late August and early September. It then spreads out and down over the hills and valleys of the state. Its ending spot is on Long Island and in New York City in late October and early November. In any given area, it only takes about two weeks for the change to happen, with the spectacular peak lasting three to four days in any given spot.

Seasonal conditions result in chemical changes in the leaves, yielding bright shades of fall colors. The yellows, reds and purples paint an everlasting impression.

Fishing New York State!

With an endless number of rivers, streams and lakes across New York State, one can only imagine the number of fishing expedition options for the experienced or novice fisherman!

Trout, salmon, bass, bluefish and bullheads are just a few of the coldwater, warmwater and saltwater fish species that come to mind.

The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation is a great resource for the latest fishing information to help plan you next Angler Get-A-Way.

New York State Minerals, Rocks, Stones and Gemstones

To promote interest in natural resources, history, tourism, etc., a state may create a state mineral, rock, stone or gemstone. In 1967, NY State declared Garnet as a State Mineral. Garnets have been considered precious for thousands of years and are found in early Egyptian, Greek and Roman jewelry. Red is the garnet's principal color, but garnets come in several hues. The Garnet Group-Pyrope Iron aluminum silicate is mined at Barton Mines, Gore Mountain, Warren County, New York.

Caves of New York State

Cool, unique, different are a few words that come to mind when thinking about cave exploration / spelunking. Colorful mineral deposits, unique rock structures and the awe of earlier exploration expeditions are some to the intriguing points. New York State offers it's share of cave experience opportunities!

Howe Caverns (howecaverns.com) in the Catskills, Natural Stone Bridge & Caves Park (stonebridgeandcaves.com) in the Adirondack Park and Lockport Cave near Niagara Falls of NY maybe the most visited, but keep in mind the other trip options.

Cave of the Winds (New York) (geo:43.082273,-79.071436)
Clarksville Cave (geo:42.57786,-73.964081)
Howe Caverns (geo:42.696236,-74.398577) / & nearby Secret Caverns
Lockport Cave (geo:43.170725,-78.692622)
Sam's Point Preserve/Ellenville Fault Ice Caves (geo:41.676165,-74.354911)
Tory Cave (Albany, New York) (geo:42.656055, -74.014077)

Peregrine Falcons

Releasings of the endangered birds of prey in the years 1974 to 1988, has helped with the return of the Peregrine falcon. Peregrine falcons are now again nesting in the Adirondacks. They nest on the high cliffs of the Adirondacks and their nesting sites are monitered and managed to promote the nesting. During their nesting season, any outdoor activity that would disturb the nesting, such as rock climbing is not allowed and postponed until after the nesting season is over.Their nesting season is from March through July. They usually return to the same nesting area every year and they mate for life.


In 1851 the nation’s first cheese factory was opened in Rome, NY, Oneida county. By 1975, 90 percent of cheese produced in New York state was made in factories, replacing much of the earlier manufacturing of cheese in private homes.

In the late 1800’s and early 1900’s, Cuba, New York, was known as the “cheese center of the world.” Each week in Cuba, NY, the price for cheddar cheese was set and the price was “The Price” nationwide.

The New York State Museum of Cheese building in Verona, NY explores the history of cheese making and its relationship to the importance of the Erie Canal in New York State during the 19th century.

Today, there is a group of New York state’s farmers, especially in the Finger Lakes region, making artisanal cheeses. This movement has led to a cheese trail.

The Finger Lakes Wine tours are now doing pairings with local cheese. Check out the The Finger Lakes Cheese Trail Preferred Pairings Series.


Rivers and Creeks in New York State

New York State offers an extensive array of Rivers and Creeks (about 524 are listed at wikipedia.org). With over 70,000 miles of rivers and streams cross the State and with more than 7,600 freshwater lakes, ponds and reservoirs, as well as portions of two of the five Great Lakes (dec.ny.gov), one can locate a never ending list of Canoe and Kayak explorations in New York State!

Railroads in New York State

The Industrial Revolution, magnificent bridges, depots and powerful rail locomotives were all a big part of New York State history.

In the 1830s, the Mohawk & Hudson railroad reduced a 40-mile wandering canal trip that took all day to accomplish to a 17-mile trip that took less than one hour. This first steam engine was named the DeWitt Clinton after the builder of the Erie Canal.

Today, one can tour many museums across the state. The below video features just one of many, for your next NYS visit.

Bicentennial Peace Garden NY State Trail

The Peace Garden Trail features an array botanical flower gardens throughout the Greater Niagara, Finger Lakes, 1000 Islands/Seaway and Adirondack Coast regions of New York State. The 600 plus mile Trail consists of 20 sites, stretching from Plattsburgh in the northeast of the state to Lewiston at the western tip of New York State. See website for audio tour information.
...site>> ...download>>

New York, "The Empire State"

The exact origin of the nickname, "The Empire State," for New York is not known, but by 1820 it was renowned. George Washington had used the name, empire, as early as 1785, when he used it in the following way when referring to the state of New York; "the Seat of the Empire." The author, Alexander Flick, who wrote, History of New York State, stated that "The Empire State" was "universally acknowledged and accepted" by 1825 and used as early as 1819. Some say the nickname was given due to New York's wealth and resources, or to New York exceeding Virginia in population. Regardless of its exact origin, the nickname has been continued to be used all throughout the state of New York; Empire State Building, The Empire State Plaza, The Empire State Express (train route), Empire Service (Amtrak route from NYC to Buffalo), SUNY Empire State College in Saratoga Springs, and Empire State Games.

From 1957 - 1963, the vehicle license plates used "Empire State" as a slogan. In 1964-1965, the slogan was changed to "World's Fair." From 1966 - April of 2001, no slogan was used. Then, in April 2001, "The Empire State" slogan was used until April of 2010 when it changed to "Empire State." on the New York state license plates.

Slate in New York State

In the mid-1800's, Welsh immigrants brought their slate working experience to the northeastern US, starting what was to become a major industry in the New York / Vermont area. This 100% natural product is found in many colors including Semi-Weathering Grey/Green, Variegated Purple, Royal Purple, Mottled Green & Purple, Unfading Grey/Green, Black and Unfading Red. It is said that the only known deposit of true red slate in the world is located in Middle Granville NY. Slate is used for roofing, black boards, pool tables, walk ways, window sills, stone markers, fire places, flooring, decorative kitchen backs, countertops and much more.

Learn more about this long lasting material and the history behind the workers, families and communities by visiting the Slate Valley Museum in Granville, NY.

Birthplace of Memorial Day - Fun Fact

The tradition of Memorial Day was started in Waterloo, NY, on May 5, 1866, when they held their first observance of Memorial Day, an idea of Henry C Welles. It was a day dedicated to honoring the Civil War dead. In 1873, New York became the first state to proclaim Memorial Day, Decoration Day, as a public holiday. In 1966, the Federal Government formally recoginized Waterloo, NY as the Birthplace of Memorial Day.

New York State Fair

In 1841, New York held its first state fair in Syracuse. Between 1842 and 1889, the fair traveled to the following ciites: Albany, Auburn, Buffalo, Elmira, New York City, Pougheepsie, Rochester, Saratoga Springs, Syracuse, Utica, and Watertown. Since the year 1890, the New York State Fair has been an annual event in Syracuse, excluding the years 1942- 1947, when the grounds were used as a military base during World War I and no fairs were held. Plan a visit to the next NY State Fair for great entertainment and activities.

Historical Markers in New York State

A program managed under the Department of the Education's State History Office was started in 1926 to commemorate the Sesquicentennial of the Revolutionary War, placing small historical markers through out New York State. The smaller markers commemorated specific events and or individuals.

In 1960, 139 larger format Historical Area Markers were put up across New York State. These larger area markers focused on significant trends in New York's history.

The program ended in 1966. There are 2825 historical markers in New York State. An archive of the historical markers is now maintained by the New York State Museum.

National Historic Landmarks in New York State

New York State has more National Historic Landmarks than any other state, having 256 landmarks.

Any building, site, structure, or object that is officially recognized by the United States Secretary of the Interior, as being: sites or places where; significant historical events took place, prominent people lived or worked, ideals or icons shaped the nation, special design or construction is shown, a way of life is shown or decribed, and or archeological sites which are able to give information. The National Historic Landmark program is run by the National Park Service.

For a list of the 147 National Historic Landmarks in New York State excluding NYC.

Waterfalls ...things of beauty

A waterfall is any place where water flows over a vertical drop in the course of any stream or river, no matter the size of the drop. Erosion occurs where there is a waterfall and over time, the channel can become deeper and wider.

New York State is home to many waterfalls, those that are well known and poplular and those that are hidden away. Several are open to the public with all levels of accessibilty. Some of those that are hidden away are open for the public to find and others are on private property. The less visited, hidden away waterfalls are just as beautiful and rewarding to see as the well known ones are.

Waterfalls, no matter their size, are magical and bring relaxation to the viewer. There is an illusion called the "Waterfall Illusion" or the "Motion after-effect illusion". All you have to do is, stare at one of these waterfalls for about 20 seconds, then immediately look at a stationary object closeby, the stationary object will appear to be moving in the opposite direction.

It is said that the 6,000 acres of the state parks in the Finger Lakes region of New York State has more waterfalls than any other area east of the Rockies.

New York State is home to the most powerful waterfalls in North America, Niagara Falls. Even though Niagara Falls is the most powerful, Taughannock Falls at Taughannock Falls State Park in Tompkins County of New York State, is taller, being one of the largest single-drop waterfalls east of the Rocky Mountains.

New York is also home to "Grand Canyon of the East" or Letchworth State Park, which has 3 major waterfalls.

There is a unique small waterfall at Chestnut Ridge Park (the largest county park in the United States), which at the base, emits natural gas, which can produce a small flame, thence named, "The Eternal Flame Falls".

Explore New York and find your favorite waterfall. Here you can search New York State Waterfalls by county.

Geocaching on the Increase in New York State!

Geocaching is a real-world treasure hunt using GPS-enabled devices. At your final destination, you will find a geocache container. The container may have; a log book for you to sign, a camera for you to take a picture of you and your group at the final destination, an item that another player has put in for exchange for a small item you will put it, a coin that you may take to another location and exchange for something waiting for you at that location, or literature or history about your final destination. With geocaching, the possiblities are endless. The treasure at the end of your hunt may be a beautiful waterfall, mountain cliff, or other natural scenic view or overlook that you may have never even knew existed. The treasure could be a souvenir from the particular area you are visiting. The geocaching hunts and their treasures are varied and can be a great way for you and your family to see and do things that you most likely would not have been able to do without the geocaching real-world treasure hunt.

There are many trails in New York State ready for your first geocaching expedition!

Sandhill Cranes - unique to New York State

At the north end of Cayuga Lake, in central New York, is part of a wetland area with more than 18,000 acres of marshes, wooded swamps, small ponds and streams. This area is the Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge. Bird watchers call it the "Atlantic Flyway", a stopover for migratory birds. There are many observation pools at this refuge and several wildlife species can be seen such as American coots, muskrats, great blue heron, geese, osprey, and bald eagles. Also spotted has been a pair of sandhill cranes which are unique to New York State.

Peregrine Falcons in New York State

Peregrine falcons are on the endangered species list in New York State. Their decline was mainly said to be caused by the pesticide DDT, which caused reproductive problems and thinning of the eggshells. Releasing of the birds of prey in the years 1974 to 1988, has helped with the return of the Peregrine falcons as a nesting species, which was no longer happening in the 1960's. In 1983, Peregrine falcons were seen nesting on two bridges in New York City and then, in 1985, Peregrine falcons were again nesting in the Adirondacks. Now, there are known to be 50 pairs throughout New York State. They nest on buildings, bridges, and cliffs and can be seen in the Adirondacks, Syracuse, Albany, Binghamton, Rochester, and Buffalo. The nesting sites are monitered and managed to promote the nesting. Their nesting season is from March through July. They usually return to the same nesting area every year and they mate for life.

During their nesting season, work on the buildings or bridges that have nests is postponed and the same goes for any outdoor activity that would disturb the nesting, such as rock climbing. As soon as the nesting season is over, the work or outdoor activity can resume. The Peregrine falcon is a bird of prey and usually feasts on other birds, such as pigeons in the city areas.

Parks & Trails New York

In partnership with the NYS Canal Corporation and Erie Canalway National Heritage Corridor, The Parks & Trails New York continues to revive parts of NY Heritage. The Erie, Oswego, Cayuga-Seneca, and Champlain canals are all part of a continuing multi-use recreational trail project. Biking is just one option to enjoy this 524-mile continuous historic corridor trail in New York State.

Next Generation Computer Chip & Upstate New York

New York State appears to be playing a big part in the development and manufacturing of Next Generation Computer Chip Technology. The involvement of leading companies like Intel, IBM, GLOBALFOUNDRIES (including AMD), TSMC and Samsung with higher education and New York State, one can only imagine the technology and economic impacts.

Organic Farms in NY

Organic Farms in New York State are on the rise. Organic farming is the form of agriculture that relies on techniques such as crop rotation, green manure, compost and biological pest control to maintain soil productivity and control pests on a farm. (wikipedia.org) Organic farming was the original type of farming. It was the way of farming before the introduction of inorganic methods. Then, after the Industrial Revolution, inorganic became the way of farming. (wiki.answers.com) The inorganic farming caused organic movements to form promoting the use of organic farming.

A New York State native, Jerome Irving Rodale, was one of the first supporters for the return of organic farming in the United States. His priority was on an active lifestyle, stressing the use of organically grown foods. He founded the 'Prevention' magazine in 1950.

According to the Department of Agriculture, New York State ranks among the top ten states in the number of organic farms with organic dairy having the largest segment in New York.

Bed and Breakfasts Brief History

In the colonial period of America, it was common for a traveler to depend on a family's kindness to give up a bed for the night for him to get some much needed rest. Then, with the coming of the railroads, hotels were springing up and the traveler no longer needed to rely on the private family for a bed. But, then came the Great Depression, and tourist and guest homes were a more viable option for the traveler who needed to save money. More and more Americans started traveling to Europe after World War II. In Europe, many of the Americans stayed at Bed and Breakfasts. Talk of the European B&B's reached America and soon B&B's were opening in the United States.

On October 15, 1966, the National Historic Preservation Act was signed into a bill by Lyndon B. Johnson. Its goal was to preserve historical and archaelogical sites in the United States. The National Register of Historic Places, the list of National Historic Landmarks, and the State Historic Preservation Offices all came of with this Act.

Being listed on the National Register qualifies approved properties for grants, loans, and tax incentives. This act inspired Americans to update their current tourist and guest houses into B&B's, and others to think about restoration and opening a B&B. Starting in the 1980's, new B&B's were being opened and the already existing B&B's were being renovated to include private baths for their guests.

In addition, some future innkeepers opt to build their own B&Bs, some in a contemporary style, and some mirroring the styles of the past - increasing the choices for travelers.

Here in New York State, there are many quaint and charming B&B's to choose from. Our B&B's offer the friendly personalized touch of the "home away from home" feeling in beautiful unique homes. The innkeepers/home owners have the personal local knowledge of their areas to help with the enjoyment of one's relaxing stay. So, for those travelers who want a unique stay, a bed and breakfast is the unparalleled choice.

Hops in New York State

Hops was first introduced to the United States in 1629 from England. In 1808, Madison county, New York was home to the first commercial hop yard in the United States. By 1860, the majority of American hops came from New York State (Otsego, Madison, and Schoharie counties).

Cooperstown, NY was known as "The King of Hops." In 1909, a fungus was spreading on the hops crops and by 1920, the crop was basically destroyed by the downy mildew. The fungus was not totally to blame for the downfall of the hops, for in the West Coast, hops were being grown with greater yields per acre bringing the price down and taking away profits the hops farmers in New York were receiving. In the West Coast where it is drier, they did not have to worry about the fungus that was affecting New York State. Then came the Prohibition, which lead to a dramatic decrease in the need for hops.

Today the Northeast Hops Alliance is a group of farmers and brewers promoting hops growing in New York State.

learn more at
Interesting blog on Hops in New York State
Hops Growers and Tours in New York State
New York State Brewing History
Finger Lakes Beer Trail

Underground Railroad in NY

The Underground Railroad assisted persons held in bondage in North America to escape from slavery. Why call it the Underground Railroad? The secretive transporting of the slaves was run much like the rail road system. People who sympathized with the slaves and hid them on their properties or in their homes were known as safe-houses, stations and or depots. The routes in between the safe-houses were called lines. The people who helped the slaves on their way to freedom were called conductors. The terms packages and freight were used to describe the fugitive slaves.

New York state played a major role in the Underground Railroad and had several stations since New York was so close to the slaves' final destination, Canada, where they would be free. At times, New York was the fugitive's final destination for New York state was known as a safe haven with black communities being established in the state.Some of the major stations were in Albany, Syracuse, Rochester, and Buffalo. Numerous other stations were spread all across New York state and along the Erie shoreline in Western, New York.

Gerrit Smith, Sojourner Truth, John Brown, Henry War Beecher, Frederick Douglass, and Harriet Tubman all abolitionists, made their homes in New York.

Click here for a list of Underground Railroad places to visit.

Castles of NYS

Castles originated in Europe in the 9th and 10th centuries. They were built by the nobility as fortified residences to control the area surrounding them. The castle was also a symbol of power. Their purpose was both offensive and defensive. In the 15th and 16th centuries, castles were not the residences they once used to be due to the invention of gun powder in the 14th century and the improved canon fire that came later, which could break the castle walls, therefore the original castle was being replaced by artillery forts. Then in the 18th century, mock castles were being built. In the Americas, some true castles were being built by the Spanish and French colonies.

In New York State, there are many structures called castles. The usage of the word castle has changed over time and most of the structures we call castles are not true castles for they were not built for defensive purposes. But, these structures were designed with the true castles in mind and each has its own story. New York State is home to many of these magnificent structures. The following is just a sample of the "castles" and does not include the several private residences that are not open to the public.

Adirondacks and North Country:

Boldt Castle - Around 1900. Inspired by the castles of Germany's Rhine Valley ...more

SINGER CASTLE - 1905. Architect Ernest Flagg designed the Castle after inspiration from Sir Walter Scott's novel about Woodstock Castle (1832) in Scotland ...more

New York State Military Museum - 1889. Armory architecture. Located in Saratoga Springs ...more

Hudson Valley:

Bannerman Castle - 1901. Simulated Scottish castle. The Bannerman Castle Trust, Inc. is dedicated to the preservation of Bannerman Castle as an educational, cultural, and heritage tourism resource in the Hudson Valley ...more

Castle Rock - 1881. The estate of former Illinois Central Railroad president William H. Osborn in Garrison, New York, United States. The Osborn family has owned and lived in it since it was built by J. Morgan Slade in 1881 as a summer residence, although the original acreage has been subdivided considerably since then. Most of the remaining land is now open to the public for hiking.The house property remains private ...more

Cat Rock - 1919. In process of restoration. Privatley owned. See above Caslte Rock ...more

Emma Willard School - 1910. Three of the first structures were of Tudor Gothic style. Current home of the nation's oldest secondary school for girls, and carries on the tradition of leadership in women's education begun in 1814 by its founder, Emma Hart Willard ...more

Frederick Ferris Thompson Memorial Library - 1905. "The architectural character of this building, which mixes clear, box-like, Beaux-Arts massing with complex Gothic decorative detail, provides the dominant formal theme for the west side of the campus." At Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY ...more

Lyndhurst - 1838. Gothic Revival. Tours, hiking and biking

Mount Saint Alphonsus - Around 1908 Seminary school.

Olana - 1870's -1891. "FredericChurch spent the next two years working with Vaux designing and building a home that would be, as he called it 'Persian, adapted to the Occident' " ...more

Ward Manor Gatehouse - 1918. Jacobean/Elizabethan structure
"In 1963 Bard purchased the Ward Manor property, significantly expanding its campus and dormitory capacity. Originally known as Gate Lodge, it was designed by Francis Hoppin and built in 1918 as the gatehouse to the Louis Hamersley mansion, later called Ward Manor. The gatehouse now houses the vocal arts program."

Wing's Castle - located in Millbrook NY. Ajoins the Millbrook Winery property. Tours available. ...more

Long Island:

Hempstead House and Castle Gould - The design of Castle Gould (1904) was based on Kilkenny Castle in Ireland. Hempstead House, designed in the style of a Tudor manor house, was completed in 1912 ...more

La Falaise - 1923. The architecture is French eclectic. The design is based on a 13th century Norman manor house ...more

Westbury House - or Castle - 1906. Charles II-style mansion ...more

Mohawk Valley:

Beardslee Castle - 1860. Replica of an Irish Castle, located in Little Falls, NY. Creative cuisine, wedding receptions, banquets, special events. 123 Old State Road, Little Falls, NY 13365

New York City:

Belvedere Castle - late 1800?s. Contains exhibit rooms and an observation deck. Reopened the structure on May 1, 1983, as the Henry Luce Nature Observatory. http://www.centralpark.com/guide/attractions/belvedere-castle.html

Castle Williams - Designed and erected between 1807 and 1811. Protect New York City from naval attacks. Located on the northwest point of Governors Island ...more

The Cloisters - Reconstructed in the 1930s from several other buildings. A branch of The Metropolitan Museum of Art devoted to the art and architecture of medieval Europe ...more

Fonthill Castle - 1852. A Gothic Revival style building consisting of a cluster of six octagonal towers at varying heights. Part of the College of Mount Saint Vincent in the Bronx.

Westchester County:

Glen Island Castle - 1879. German Rhineland. No longer in use. Located in Glen Island, New Rochelle.

Iona Castle - Originally was built in Germany, and then was disassembled and shipped to New York in the 1920s ...more

Leland Castle - 19th century. Also known as Castle View. Gothic revival style. Currently houses the administrative offices of the College of New Rochelle and the college's Castle Art Gallery ...more

Reid Hall - 1892. Renaissance Revival style. An historic academic building located on the campus of Manhattanville College at Purchase, New York. Reid Hall was at one time a potential site for the United Nations ...more

Wards Castle - 1870's. Rye Brook, NY. Second Empire, Gothic Revival ...more (Port Chester, Westchester County, NY)

Whitby Castle - 1852. Contains stones from the original Whitby Abbey in England and thus the family chose "WHITBY" as the title of the estate. In 1965, the City of Rye purchased the property to be renamed Rye Golf Club as it is known today ...more

Watersheds of New York State

New York State is richly endowed with more than 7,600 freshwater lakes, ponds and reservoirs divided into 17 watersheds, or drainage basins. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, of the worlds total water, only 3% is freshwater. Of that 3%, only 0.3% is ground water in the form of lakes, rivers & swamps (0.09% of the total). We should all keep in mind how precious and vital this water is, both in terms of recreation, survival and our economy. New York State is truly blessed with this great resource.

Historic Covered Bridges In New York State

New York State is home to one of the longest single span covered bridges in the world. This is the old Blenheim Bridge over the Schoharie Creek at North Blenheim built in 1855 (located 23 miles from Cobleskill, NY). There are many other covered bridges in New York State and all are on the National Historic Register.

The earliest known covered bridge built was in 1825 and the last to be built was in 1912. Timber and stone were abundant in New York State and were great inexpensive materials for the use in building the covered bridges. Actually the first wooden bridges were not covered and had a short lifespan due to weathering. It was found that covering the wooden bridges increased their lifespan from about 9 years to more than 80 years.

Due to the iron manufacturers increased acitivity with the Civil War era, the iron manufacturers started producing metal bridge pieces to keep active. The covered bridges were then being built with metal trusses. The railroad companies and local governments liked the increased strength.

A group formed in 1966, with a goal of preserving historic covered bridges in New York State. The name of this group is the New York State Covered Bridge Society (NYSCBS).

Apples & New York State

Apple production in New York State has a long history. In the late 1700's, land companies required settlers to plant apple orchards as a land claim, later leading to an 1896 record New York State apple crop of 54 million bushels. Even today New York State yields 29 million bushels annually, the second largest apple producer in the United States. With over 51,000 acres of Apple trees across New York State, you are very likely to be near them. In 2000, Cornell University released studies on the anti-cancer benefits of apples. This and other studies do seem to agree with the "Apple a day, keeps the doctor away". Make sure to pick up some apples for your next road trip or your next creative recipe!

Summer Climates in New York State

New York State normally sees nice average temperatures in June, July, August and September with July being the warmest month and April being the wettest month. Record temperatures of 108° have been seen (Troy July 22, 1926). Record summer lowers were seen in 1816. Referred to as the Year Without a Summer this world wide cool down resulted in frost each month, and snow in June, leading to an agricultural disaster in New York and many states. Fortunately, we have not seen this since and overall, NYS Summer daytime temperatures generally range from the upper 70s to mid 80s over much of the State.

Largest Native Trees of New York State

The New York State Big Tree Register, maintained by the Department of Environmental Conservation recognizes trees of record size, promoting interest in their care and preservation. The Big Tree Register lists only native and naturalized species and does not include hybrid species. The Total Point Score is determined by taking the Height in feet + Trunk Circumference in inches + 1/4 Average Crown Spread in feet.

Some of the largest species include a Red Oak in Monroe County (510 points), an Eastern Cottonwood in Schuyler County (469 points), a Black Locust in Livingston County (423 points), a White Ash in Rockland County (420 points) and a Red Maple in Madison County (417 points). Among the top four largest trees, they average a Circumference of 330 inches (a diameter of 8.75 feet).

As you travel Across New York State, keep an eye out for these majestic trees, they have survived several centuries of social and environmental change and hopefully will continue to show us their tremendous ability to endure.

The Erie Canal - Transportation ...now Destination

In a report by Dr. Ellen McHale (New York Folklore Society), Dr. Lisa Overholser (New York Folklore Society) and Dr. Daniel Franklin Ward (Erie Canal Museum), they pose two questions.
1. What was the world that created the Erie Canal?
2. What was the world that the Canal created?

This report goes on to show examples and in the end, shows how the preservation, restoration and even how the "re-water" movement is shaping the Erie Canal as a Destination across New York State.

Wine in New York State

The history of wine is fascinating, just as wine quotes can be both humorous and telling. Travelers in NY State have many opportunities to learn more and experience the rapidly growing New York wine industry. With 20 plus NY State wine regions, one is able to visit multiple scenic vineyards and taste many wine varietals. The natural beauty of vineyards can be seen throughout the year, as the wines mature. See the esbba.com attractions wine trails page for adventure ideas.

Taking A Great Photo

During your travels, you may find yourself taking photos. Regardless of your camera and skill level, taking a great photo often seems to come down to a couple key factors. If you can consider each of them, you will greatly improve the chances of getting that GREAT PHOTO!
1) Light! look at the angle and intensity of the light, is it good for the effect you are looking for? Do you need more or do you need to place your camera on a tripod or stable object to give your camera more time to gather the light?
2) Framing of the Photo! The human eye is amazing, we see a very wide view and yet can focus our mind on one area. It is important to look closely at what is in the camera's view, does it include too much, not enough and is the interest point in a great location of the frame? Do the other objects in the frame compliment the main interest point?
3) Focus! Auto focus is great and is often the way to go, however, is it focusing on the your key point of interest? Taking the same photo with different manual focus setting may yield that surprisingly great photo.
4) Color and more! The add advantage of a digital photo, is the ability to manipulate it in a photo editor, increasing color saturation and other variables can be rewarding and fun!

Top Reasons to Visit New York State

New York State offers a very wide range of activities for various interests groups. Here are just a few to consider.
1) The great outdoors of the Adirondack Region and the Forever Wild Wood Lands with many mountains lakes, rivers and waterfalls for scenic hiking, skiing, horseback riding, atving kayaking and much more year around
2) The scenic and powerful Niagara Falls experience with many surrounding attractions.
3) The historic and modern day exposure of American Baseball and Softball in Cooperstown (Baseball Hall of Fame and museum) and surrounding region.
4) History! New York State has a very rich history of economic development. Hops farming, logging, Erie Canal, historic homes are just a few.
5) New York City!
6) Wineries with the beauty and scenic views.
7) Beaches, with many water ways, lakes and ponds, New York State offers many tranquil views and water related activities form Long Island to the Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway.
8) Architecture, history and politics of Albany, the state capital. 9) Soccer Hall of Fame in Oneonta, NY. 10) Old Forge, Lake George and the Blue mountain lake Museum are a fun and relaxing destination.
11) Horse racing at Saratoga Springs! 12) Lake Placid area in the Winter or Summer!

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